Dental problems have become widespread in the current society, where almost everyone is suffering from a specific type of dental condition. Research shows that almost half of cases reported to hospitals are dental issues. The most affected people being children and young adults. There are several dental issues, the most common being gum disease. Dentists and all dental practitioners have developed modernized and unique ways of handling this type of dental problem. Visit Monterey gum disease center to get treatment and more information concerning gum disease. Here is what you should know about gum disease.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is also called periodontitis. This is the growth of bacteria inside the mouth that leads to tooth loss if not treated or attended to properly. Gum disease usually destroys all the supportive tissues that surround the teeth.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
Generally, gum disease starts as gingivitis and is characterized by puffy gums that usually bleed easily when an individual is brushing and flossing. As the condition worsens, infections get more profound, affecting all the outer layers around the teeth, roots, ligaments, and connective tissues. The following signs and symptoms start showing:
- An individual may have constant bad breath.
- An individual ends up having swollen and bright gums.
- Constant bleeding when brushing or flossing.
- An individual’s tooth loosens and develops sensitivity.
- Gum recession.
If you encounter such signs and symptoms, you should visit a dentist immediately for gum treatment before the condition gets out of hand.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Plaque is the main cause of this gum disease. However, some factors significantly contribute to gum or periodontal disease. They include the following:
- Hormonal Changes. Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, monthly periods, and pregnancy makes the gums very sensitive. This factor makes it easier for the gums to be infected, hence the development of gingivitis.
- Some Medications. Some medications prescribed by a doctor can affect oral health since they reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth. Saliva plays a vital role in protecting the teeth and gums. Some drugs may also cause abnormal growth of gum tissues.
- Bad Habits. Some habits, such as smoking, are bad for oral health. They make it harder for gum tissues to repair themselves.
- Poor oral hygiene. Poor oral habits such as not brushing the teeth and flossing daily give room for gingivitis to form.
- Illness. Some diseases interfere with the immune system putting a high risk of developing infections and dental cavities.
The other cause is family history. If your family members have gum disease, then you are likely to suffer from the disease. However, this is not common to all people.
How is gum disease treated?
There are several procedures used in addressing gum problems. This will depend on the intensity of the problem. Gingivitis is rectified by proper cleaning habits such as brushing and flossing regularly. Other treatment procedures include:
- Scaling and root planing.
- Gum surgery.
In summary, gum problems should be taken seriously before the condition gets out of hand. If you experience any dental issues, please visit a dentist as fast as possible.